Amboseli National Park is located in Loitoktok District, Rift Valley Province of Kenya. The ecosystem mainly savannah grassland spread across the Kenya-Tanzania border. The park is famous for being the best place in Africa to get close to free-ranging elephants among other wildlife species. Other attractions of the park include opportunities to meet the Maasai and spectacular views of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Amboseli was established as a reserve in 1968 and gazette as a National Park in 1974. The Park covers 392 km2, and forms part of the much larger 3,000 Km2 Amboseli ecosystem. Large concentrations of wildlife occur here in the dry season, making Amboseli a popular tourist destination. It is surrounded by 6 communally owned group ranches. The park gives a right view position for Mountain Kilimanjaro and since it’s centered on the hill, it offers a plain view bellow the park is also a home of Masai on of the pride tribal groups in Kenya.
Years ago, Amboseli National Reserve (formerly Amboseli National Park) was the locale around which such famous writers as Ernest Hemingway and Robert Ruark spun their stories of big game hunting in the wilds of Africa. It is also the home of the Maasai people, those tall, proud nomads whose legendary prowess in battle and single handed acts of bravery in fights with wild animals has spread across the globe. Perhaps more than any other community in Kenya, the Maasai have learned to live in complete harmony with their environment and the wildlife which surrounds them. All round the Amboseli National Reserve (formerly Amboseli National Park) are occupied and abandoned Enkaang's - Maasai villages quickly built out of bent poles and sticks and plastered with cow dung and equally swiftly abandoned when the grazing is finished and the herds must move on.
A part of Amboseli National Reserve (formerly Amboseli National Park) is composed of a dried-up lake-bed that in the shimmering heat produces mirages. Swamps and springs, fed by underground rivers from Mount Kilimanjaro melting snows, form permanent watering places for the wildlife through times of drought. The Amboseli lake-bed is subject to sporadic floods and noxious salts in the gravel bed are dissolved to serve as a deadly poison for what is left of the local woods; very few of the fine acacias, once a feature of this region, remain.
The snows of Mount Kilimanjaro, white and crystalline, form a majestic backdrop to one of Kenya's most spectacular displays of wildlife - lion, elephant, leopard, rhino, cheetah, buffalo and hosts of plains' game, creating Kenya's most sought after photographer's parades. There are estimated to be around 650 elephants, the largest number in all of Kenyan parks and reserves per square kilometer. The swamps and springs have encouraged the hippos to stay around. Other animals also seen are wildebeest, antelopes, zebras, giraffes, gerenuks, gazelles, and buffalos. Amboseli National Reserve's (formerly Amboseli National Park) best game runs are around the swamps and there is a fine lookout on Observation Hill, which offers views over the whole of the Amboseli National Reserve (formerly Amboseli National Park) and beyond.
The most interesting features at the park are; Mountain Kilimanjaro, Mountain Meru, observation of hill which allows an overall view of the whole park especially the swamp amps and elephants and the contemporary Masai culture and indigenous lifestyle, 400 species of birds, hippos, cheetah, leopard and above all it’s a home of mammals.